Andalusian Dog, An
Running Time: 16 minutes
UK Certificate: 15
Once upon a time…’ reads the caption in French, as though we are about to watch a fairy tale. A man smokes a cigarette and carefully whets a razor, testing its keenness against his thumb. Stepping onto a balcony, he looks up at a thin cloud passing over the full moon above – and purposefully passes his blade over the pupil of the open-eyed woman seated calmly in front of him. This notoriously shocking sequence, with its strange internal logic and its enduring power to make viewers flinch in horror, forms the prologue not only to Luis Buñuel’s black and white curio ‘Un Chien Andalou’, but also to his lengthy career of surrealist filmmaking that included such classics as ‘The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie’, ‘That Obscure Object of Desire’, ‘Viridiana’, ‘The Exterminating Angel’, ‘The Phantom of Liberty’ and ‘Belle de Jour’ – so it is only fitting that the man with the razor is played by Buñuel himself, grand master of surreal cuts and eye-popping imagery.
Despite its brevity, ‘Un Chien Andalou’ is a roller-coaster ride through the shadowy corridors of the psyche, defying all generic categorisation. Moving from horror to melodrama to thriller to romance, it presents a string of dream-like images and events, with little concern for continuity of time or space. A hermaphrodite stands in the middle of a road poking at a severed hand. Ants pour out of the hole in a man’s hand. The man is physically restrained from raping a woman by the weight of two priests, two pianos and two dead donkeys which are all attached to ropes which he drags behind him. A man is shot in the woman’s apartment, but falls dead in a park. The mouth on a man’s face disappears entirely, only to be replaced by a woman’s armpit. The door of a metropolitan apartment opens onto the seaside. Scenes are arbitrarily punctuated by captions (‘8 years later’, ‘Around three in the morning’, ’16 years earlier’, ‘In spring’) which serve more to confuse time than to keep it. And the film’s conclusion, in which guy and girl walk off arm in arm, is a trite filmic convention marooned from any kind of meaningful context.
Not only was ‘Un Chien Andalou’ Buñuel’s first film, but also his first collaboration with Salvador Dali (with whom he worked again a year later on L’Âge d’Or). His stated intention was ‘to admit no idea, no image for which there might be rational, psychological or cultural explanation’ – and even if some of the film’s bourgeoisie-baiting and psycho-sexual imagery is far from opaque, Buñuel has created an enigmatic and uncanny stream of (sub)consciousness which continues even today to exert its influence on the dark imaginings of both cinemagoers and cinema itself. For, apart from showing filmmakers just how dreams can be realised on celluloid, ‘Un Chien Andalou’ is arguably the reason that we all dream in black and white.
It's Got: Eyes, ants and armpits, breasts and buttocks, hands and handguns, priests and pianos, dead donkeys and deaths head moths.
It Needs: To eat less cheese before going to bed.
DVD Extras This BFI DVD release, coupled in a boxset with Buñuel/Dalis LÂge DOr, is the cleanest and clearest print of the (originally silent) Un Chien Andalou available, accompanied by the romantic soundtrack (from Richard Wagners Tristan and Isolde) that was added in 1960 according to Buñuels personal instructions. With the boxset comes an excellent and attractive booklet including notes on the films by Robert Short (one-time underground filmmaker, retired Reader in European Studies at the University of East Anglia, and author of The Age of Gold: Surrealist Cinema), biographies of Buñuel and Dali, a select bibliography on the films, Buñuels own notes on Un Chien Andalou, and a Surrealist Manifesto concerning LÂge DOr. Disk One includes, besides Un Chien Andalou itself: scene selection; an engaging introduction to both films by Robert Short (25min, with optional subtitles for the hard of hearing); audio commentary by Robert Short (24min, with optional subtitles for the hard of hearing, and presented over an additional, slowed-down version of the film to accommodate the commentarys duration), focussing on the significance(s) of the opening sequence, on the rôle of the filmmakers as "logicians of the unconscious", and on the usefulness (and limitations) of Freudian psychoanalysis as a key to the films interpretation; A Propósito de Buñuel (99min, Spanish/French language with optional English subtitles), a comprehensive documentary on Buñuels life and works, full of interviews with friends, family and colleagues (none of whom, annoyingly, is captioned) as well as the irreverent prankster himself, and punctuated by sequences from some of his many films (again not captioned). DVD Extras Rating: 9/10
Alternatives:Eraserhead, Gozu, L'Âge d'Or
It may be short, it may even be dated, but this unnerving slice of surrealist psychedelia is the reason we all dream in black and white.